Brassica oleracea L. is an important species that originated in the eastern Mediterranean area. From there, B. oleracea L. ssp. capitata (L.) DC. convar. botrytis (L.) Alef. var. italica Plenck (broccoli) was introduced into Italy where considerable diversification took place. Several landraces of broccoli, which are highly appreciated by local people for their organoleptic traits, are presently cultivated in both large fields and home gardens. In this study, 10 landraces, 4 synthetics derived from landraces and 4 of the most used F1 hybrids were characterised for morpho-physiological and molecular traits with the principal aim of feeding information into the landrace protection schemes being developed in Italy and into breeding programs. The landraces and derived synthetics are well differentiated from each other and from the F1 hybrids for important agronomic and genetic traits. The PCA based on analysis of morpho-physiological traits showed that overall the 2 main components accounted for 67.74% of the total variation. The Neighbour Joining tree, based on 23 microsatellite markers, grouped accessions into 2 main clusters. One includes one synthetic variety and 2 F1 hybrids, while the other cluster includes all the other accessions. There were also several subclusters. Most of the materials examined showed within-accession diversity. The information gathered in this study can be used to protect landraces through the schemes presently being developed in Italy and to register them in the European common catalogue of "conservation varieties". In situ (on-farm) conservation of landrace diversity is discussed with reference to landrace use.
|Titolo:||Diversity characterisation of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L.) landraces for their on-farm (in situ) safeguard and use 4 in breeding programs|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|