Recently, we reported an increased prevalence of chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) in patients with prostatitis syndromes (PS) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) compared with patients with PS alone. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of male accessory gland infections (MAGI) in patients with CBP plus IBS and to compare the sperm parameters of patients with or without MAGI. Fifty consecutive patients with the following criteria were enrolled: (i) infertility; (ii) diagnosis of CBP; and (iii) diagnosis of IBS according to the Rome III criteria. The following two aged-matched control groups were also studied: infertile patients with CBP alone (n = 56) and fertile men (n = 30) who fathered a child within the previous 3 months. Patients and controls underwent to an accurate anamnesis, administration of the NIH-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) and the Rome III questionnaires for prostatitis and IBS, respectively, physical examination, and semen analysis. A significantly higher frequency of MAGI was found in patients with CBP plus IBS (82.0%) compared with the patients with CBP alone (53.6%) or the fertile men (0%). The presence of MAGI in the patients with CBP plus IBS was associated with a significantly lower sperm concentration, total number, and forward motility, and with a higher seminal leucocyte concentration compared with the patients with CBP alone and MAGI. Sperm normal morphology was similar in the groups of patients. All sperm parameters did not differ significantly in both the groups of patients without MAGI. The patients with CBP plus IBS had a significantly higher frequency of MAGI compared with the patients with CBP alone. This was associated with worse sperm parameters and, hence, poorer reproductive prognosis. We suggest to search for the presence of IBS in the patients with PS and in particular when CBP and/or worse sperm parameters are present.
|Titolo:||Male accessory gland infection frequency in infertile patients with chronic microbial prostatitis and irritable bowel sindrome: transrectal ultrasound examination helps to understand the links|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|