We report the synthesis, the antioxidant and the inhibitory activity (IC50) on metalloproteinases (MMPs) 3 and 13 of 2-benzo[d]isothiazolylimino-5-benzylidene-4-thiazolidinones. Their potential as protective agents in osteoarthritis (OA) was evaluated by biological assays on chondrocytes cultures, stimulated by IL-1β. The chondroprotective capability, related both to antioxidant activity and to inhibition of MMPs, was studied in vitro, by determining nitric oxide production and glycosaminoglycans release. Moreover, selected derivatives 1h and 1g was studied for nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) inhibition by Western Blot analysis and for MMP-3 protein release using ELISA test. The structure-activity relationship of tested compounds demonstrates a favorable effect of the para substitution on the 5-benzilydene ring. Compound 1g shows a potent and selective activity on MMP-3 versus MMP-13. Accordingly, 1g possesses high antioxidant effect, NO lowering and GAGs restoring capability and also reduces the production of MMPs and NF-κB expression. Thus 1g can be considered as new potential chondroprotective agents.
|Titolo:||2-Benzisothiazolylimino-5-benzylidene-4-thiazolidinones as protective agents against cartilage destruction|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|