In last decades environment has suffered strong and negative consequences resulted by a massive consuming fossil energy. As a result of this process, bioenergy has been intensively increased in recent years. Transportation sector has the largest impact in the use of bioenergy and bioethanol is a type of biofuel which can easily used for transports in place of traditional fossil fuels. Bioethanol production from 1st generation biomass such as corn, sugarcane, has been already commercialized but it is usually not sustainable because it could be seriously damage the food supply. For this reason scientific community has turned his interest to second generation bioethanol from specific energy crops or cultivation of biomass feedstock whose required land for cultivation cannot be used for food cultivations. The case arboreal lingo-cellulose Arundo donax is an example of the latter group. The present paper deals with a simulation method to optimize the performances of second generation bioethanol production by using Arundo donax as feedstock. The bioethanol production was analyzed by means of a life cycle assessment (LCA). The total energy consumption was calculated thanks to Monte Carlo method. The simulation of this second-generation biomass technology was optimized by considering the reuse of light components and of the energy recovery for the agriculture and industrial process. Thanks to these optimizations it was obtained an Energy Return On Investment (EROI) = 1,52 revealing that this technology may certainly be convenient from the energetic point of view.
|Titolo:||Second generation bioethanol production from Arundo donax biomass: An optimization method|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|