Immune system processes can be simulated using both system dynamics (SD) models based on differential equations and Agent-based (AB) models. The two approaches are intrinsically different but some methodologies have been developed to convert SD models into AB models with a variable degree of success. However, until now none of such methods have considered the use of scale factors in SD to AB model conversion. In this work, we revisited a well know SD model describing the interaction between effector T cells and tumor cells that was previously shown unsuitable for AB modeling. We introduced non-dimensional scaling factors in AB modeling and compared AB and AD simulations through a sensitivity analysis. Under this scenario, we obtained AB models that could successfully reproduce SD simulations with a reasonable number of agents and a stochastic behavior that did not compromise computer resources. In general, our results justify the introduction of nondimensional scaling factors to reproduce SD simulations with AB models

Introducing scale factor adjustments on agent-based simulations of the immune system

Giulia Russo;Marzio Pennisi;Francesco Pappalardo
Supervision
;
2017

Abstract

Immune system processes can be simulated using both system dynamics (SD) models based on differential equations and Agent-based (AB) models. The two approaches are intrinsically different but some methodologies have been developed to convert SD models into AB models with a variable degree of success. However, until now none of such methods have considered the use of scale factors in SD to AB model conversion. In this work, we revisited a well know SD model describing the interaction between effector T cells and tumor cells that was previously shown unsuitable for AB modeling. We introduced non-dimensional scaling factors in AB modeling and compared AB and AD simulations through a sensitivity analysis. Under this scenario, we obtained AB models that could successfully reproduce SD simulations with a reasonable number of agents and a stochastic behavior that did not compromise computer resources. In general, our results justify the introduction of nondimensional scaling factors to reproduce SD simulations with AB models
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/315068
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