Background and aims Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is underdiagnosed and public cholesterol screening may be useful to find new subjects. In this study, we aim to investigate the prevalence of FH patients in a hospital screening program and evaluate their atherosclerotic burden using intima-media thickness (IMT). Methods and results We screened 1575 lipid profiles and included for genetic analysis adults with a low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol >190 mg/dL and triglycerides <200 mg/dL and first-degree child relatives with LDL cholesterol >160 mg/dL and triglycerides <200 mg/dL. The diagnosis of FH was presumed by Dutch Lipid Clinic Network (DLCN) criteria and confirmed by the presence of the genetic variant. Mean common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was assessed using consensus criteria. After confirming LDL cholesterol value and excluding secondary hypercholesterolemia, 56 subjects with a DLCN ≥4 performed genetic analysis. Of these, 26 had an FH genetic variant. The proportion of patients with a mutation having a DLCN score of 6–8 was 75%; in individuals with a DLCN score >8 it was 100%. Mean IMT was higher in FH patients compared to non FH (0.73 [0.61–0.83] vs 0.71 [0.60–0.75] mm, p < 0.01). Moreover, we detected two mutations not previously described. Finally, simple regression analysis showed a correlation of IMT with LDL cholesterol >190 mg/dL and corneal arcus (p < 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions A hospital screening was useful to detect FH subjects with increased atherosclerosis. Also, next-generation sequencing was able to detect new FH mutations.

Detecting familial hypercholesterolemia by serum lipid profile screening in a hospital setting: Clinical, genetic and atherosclerotic burden profile

Scicali, R.;Di Pino, A.;PLATANIA, ROBERTA;PURRAZZO, GIACOMO;Ferrara, V.;GIANNONE, ALBERTO;Urbano, F.;Filippello, A.;Rapisarda, V.;Piro, S.;Rabuazzo, A. M.;Purrello, F.
2018

Abstract

Background and aims Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is underdiagnosed and public cholesterol screening may be useful to find new subjects. In this study, we aim to investigate the prevalence of FH patients in a hospital screening program and evaluate their atherosclerotic burden using intima-media thickness (IMT). Methods and results We screened 1575 lipid profiles and included for genetic analysis adults with a low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol >190 mg/dL and triglycerides <200 mg/dL and first-degree child relatives with LDL cholesterol >160 mg/dL and triglycerides <200 mg/dL. The diagnosis of FH was presumed by Dutch Lipid Clinic Network (DLCN) criteria and confirmed by the presence of the genetic variant. Mean common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was assessed using consensus criteria. After confirming LDL cholesterol value and excluding secondary hypercholesterolemia, 56 subjects with a DLCN ≥4 performed genetic analysis. Of these, 26 had an FH genetic variant. The proportion of patients with a mutation having a DLCN score of 6–8 was 75%; in individuals with a DLCN score >8 it was 100%. Mean IMT was higher in FH patients compared to non FH (0.73 [0.61–0.83] vs 0.71 [0.60–0.75] mm, p < 0.01). Moreover, we detected two mutations not previously described. Finally, simple regression analysis showed a correlation of IMT with LDL cholesterol >190 mg/dL and corneal arcus (p < 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions A hospital screening was useful to detect FH subjects with increased atherosclerosis. Also, next-generation sequencing was able to detect new FH mutations.
Cardiovascular risk assessment; Familial hypercholesterolemia; Intima-media thickness; Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Screening program; Medicine (miscellaneous); Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism; Nutrition and Dietetics; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/315764
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