Solar spectro-polarimetry is a powerful tool to investigate the physical processes occurring in the solar atmosphere. The different states of polarization and wavelengths have in fact encoded the information about the thermodynamic state of the solar plasma and the interacting magnetic field. In particular, the radiative transfer theory allows us to invert the spectro-polarimetric data to obtain the physical parameters of the different atmospheric layers and, in particular, of the photosphere. In this work, we present a comparison between two methods used to analyze spectro-polarimetric data: The classical Center of Gravity method in the weak field approximation and an inversion code that solves numerically the radiative transfer equation. The Center of Gravity method returns reliable values for the magnetic field and for the line-of-sight velocity in those regions where the weak field approximation is valid (field strength below 400 G), while the inversion code is able to return the stratification of many physical parameters in the layers where the spectral line used for the inversion is formed.

Remote sensing of the solar photosphere: A tale of two methods

Zuccarello, F.
Investigation
2018

Abstract

Solar spectro-polarimetry is a powerful tool to investigate the physical processes occurring in the solar atmosphere. The different states of polarization and wavelengths have in fact encoded the information about the thermodynamic state of the solar plasma and the interacting magnetic field. In particular, the radiative transfer theory allows us to invert the spectro-polarimetric data to obtain the physical parameters of the different atmospheric layers and, in particular, of the photosphere. In this work, we present a comparison between two methods used to analyze spectro-polarimetric data: The classical Center of Gravity method in the weak field approximation and an inversion code that solves numerically the radiative transfer equation. The Center of Gravity method returns reliable values for the magnetic field and for the line-of-sight velocity in those regions where the weak field approximation is valid (field strength below 400 G), while the inversion code is able to return the stratification of many physical parameters in the layers where the spectral line used for the inversion is formed.
Physics and Astronomy (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/357648
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