Introduction: Risk perception is associated to different socio-cultural and individual factors, like subjective judgment and level of Health literacy (HL), which are poorly studied in Italy. This study has investigated students’ environmental risk perception related to the level of HL. Methods: Enrolment was carried out in scientific-health and humanistic-legal-social sectors in the University of Catania. The students filed out a structured questionnaire in three sections that explore socio-demographic, environmental risk perception and HL data. The HL was calculated by assigning a score of 1 to each correct answer and calculating their mean. The mean values were divided into two categories: poor vs good (≤ 9 vs> 9). A risk perception score was calculated by summing up the item ratings. Collected data were stratified by HL. A logistic regression model was used to identify possible factors associated with a low environmental risk. Significance was set at p≤0.05. Results: We enrolled 574 students (365 females, 209 males), aged between 18 and 44 years, 320 and 254 attending scientific-health and humanistic-legal-social sectors, respectively. At the logistic regression analysis the students with a low environmental risk perception resulted to be affected by almost a threefold risk of getting away from high HL (OR = 2.96; CI 95% 1.16-7.54). HL was influenced by student’s age (<21 vs >22; p-value= 0,000), the sectors (scientific-health vs humanistic-legal-social sectors) and duration of the study course (three vs six-years; p-value 0,000). Conclusions: Our results highlight that focus on HL might improving students’ environmental risk perception which may bring positive impact on making decisions, planning and implementing strategies.

Students’ Environmental Risk Perception in University of Catania (South Italy)

Fiore M
;
Giarratana A;Oliveri Conti G;Ferrante M
2018

Abstract

Introduction: Risk perception is associated to different socio-cultural and individual factors, like subjective judgment and level of Health literacy (HL), which are poorly studied in Italy. This study has investigated students’ environmental risk perception related to the level of HL. Methods: Enrolment was carried out in scientific-health and humanistic-legal-social sectors in the University of Catania. The students filed out a structured questionnaire in three sections that explore socio-demographic, environmental risk perception and HL data. The HL was calculated by assigning a score of 1 to each correct answer and calculating their mean. The mean values were divided into two categories: poor vs good (≤ 9 vs> 9). A risk perception score was calculated by summing up the item ratings. Collected data were stratified by HL. A logistic regression model was used to identify possible factors associated with a low environmental risk. Significance was set at p≤0.05. Results: We enrolled 574 students (365 females, 209 males), aged between 18 and 44 years, 320 and 254 attending scientific-health and humanistic-legal-social sectors, respectively. At the logistic regression analysis the students with a low environmental risk perception resulted to be affected by almost a threefold risk of getting away from high HL (OR = 2.96; CI 95% 1.16-7.54). HL was influenced by student’s age (<21 vs >22; p-value= 0,000), the sectors (scientific-health vs humanistic-legal-social sectors) and duration of the study course (three vs six-years; p-value 0,000). Conclusions: Our results highlight that focus on HL might improving students’ environmental risk perception which may bring positive impact on making decisions, planning and implementing strategies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/367206
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