IntroductionSelf-employment represents a new work opportunity for new nursing graduates. It would be useful to know how many nursing students have the intention of being self-employed because such findings would help the National Health System and nurse leaders in terms of workforce balance and the universities to direct their courses toward specific training. The intention to be self-employed has been investigated in the psychology and economic-business fields. To our knowledge, in the nursing field, no researcher has analysed and measured the intention of students to became self-employed nurses. The aim of the study is to develop a questionnaire, the Planned Self-Employment Scale, based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour of Ajzen (1991) to assess students' intentions for self-employment and psychometrically test this scale.MethodsA cross-sectional study including 344 nursing students in their last year in an Italian university was conducted. The content, face, and construct validity and reliability were evaluated. We also tested the Theory of Planned Behaviour with a structured equation model.Results The Planned Self-Employment Scale demonstrated satisfactory validity and good reliability. A moderate intention to be self-employed emerged among nurses (3.6  1.5 out of 7). Intention was predicted by the Attitude (β=0.36, p<0.01) and Perceived Behaviour Control dimensions (β=0.48, p<0.01). DiscussionThe Planned Self-Employment Scale exhibited good validity and reliability and can be used with nursing students. Educators need to design a curriculum to improve students’ decision-making and autonomy. At the central level, there is a need to produce guidelines that offer guidance to nurses, patients, and the whole system with regard to this new form of nursing service. ReferencesAjzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211. doi:10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T.Sanchez, J.C. (2011). University training for entrepreneurial competencies: its impact on intention of venture creation. International Entrepreneurship Management Journal, 7, 239-254. doi:10.1007/s11365-010-0156-x.van Gelderen, M., Brand, M., van Praag, M., Bodewes, W., Poutsma, E., & van Gils, A. (2008). Explaining entrepreneurial intentions by means of the 5 theory of planned behaviour. Career Development International, 13 (6), 538-558. doi:10.1108/13620430810901688.Wall, S. (2015). Dimensions of precariousness in an emerging sector of self-employment: a study of self-employed nurses. Gender, Work and Organization, 22 (3), 221-236. doi:10.1111/gwao.12071.

The nursing students' intentions to be self-employed by the theory of planned behaviour: a validation study

Bulfone G;
2020

Abstract

IntroductionSelf-employment represents a new work opportunity for new nursing graduates. It would be useful to know how many nursing students have the intention of being self-employed because such findings would help the National Health System and nurse leaders in terms of workforce balance and the universities to direct their courses toward specific training. The intention to be self-employed has been investigated in the psychology and economic-business fields. To our knowledge, in the nursing field, no researcher has analysed and measured the intention of students to became self-employed nurses. The aim of the study is to develop a questionnaire, the Planned Self-Employment Scale, based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour of Ajzen (1991) to assess students' intentions for self-employment and psychometrically test this scale.MethodsA cross-sectional study including 344 nursing students in their last year in an Italian university was conducted. The content, face, and construct validity and reliability were evaluated. We also tested the Theory of Planned Behaviour with a structured equation model.Results The Planned Self-Employment Scale demonstrated satisfactory validity and good reliability. A moderate intention to be self-employed emerged among nurses (3.6  1.5 out of 7). Intention was predicted by the Attitude (β=0.36, p<0.01) and Perceived Behaviour Control dimensions (β=0.48, p<0.01). DiscussionThe Planned Self-Employment Scale exhibited good validity and reliability and can be used with nursing students. Educators need to design a curriculum to improve students’ decision-making and autonomy. At the central level, there is a need to produce guidelines that offer guidance to nurses, patients, and the whole system with regard to this new form of nursing service. ReferencesAjzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211. doi:10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T.Sanchez, J.C. (2011). University training for entrepreneurial competencies: its impact on intention of venture creation. International Entrepreneurship Management Journal, 7, 239-254. doi:10.1007/s11365-010-0156-x.van Gelderen, M., Brand, M., van Praag, M., Bodewes, W., Poutsma, E., & van Gils, A. (2008). Explaining entrepreneurial intentions by means of the 5 theory of planned behaviour. Career Development International, 13 (6), 538-558. doi:10.1108/13620430810901688.Wall, S. (2015). Dimensions of precariousness in an emerging sector of self-employment: a study of self-employed nurses. Gender, Work and Organization, 22 (3), 221-236. doi:10.1111/gwao.12071.
self employment, intention, nusring new graduate
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541860
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