Transforming Growth Factor β1 (TGF-β1) is a cytokine involved in the control of cell growth, differentiation as well as immune suppression and repair after injury. In addition to its well-known neuroprotective and neurotrophic properties, it has been recently reported a possible role of TGF-β1 in synaptic transmission. However, its involvement in physiological mechanisms underlying synaptic plasticity and memory at hippocampal level has not been thoroughly investigated. We examined the role of TGF-β1 in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and memory in adult wild type mice. We first assessed the effect of exogenous TGF-β1 on CA1 LTP and phosphorylation of the transcription factor CREB. Then, we investigated the role of endogenous TGF-β1 in hippocampal synaptic plasticity, recognition memory and p-CREB levels by blocking its signaling pathway with the selective inhibitor SB431542. Finally, we examined the involvement of p-SMAD2, a TGF-β1 downstream pathway effector. We found that exogenous TGF-β1 converted early-phase-LTP into late-phase-LTP. Furthermore, the block of the endogenous TGF-β1 signaling pathway by SB431542, impaired LTP and object recognition memory that were rescued by administration of exogenous TGF-β1. These TGF-β1 functional effects correlated with the expression of phospho-CREB and phospho-SMAD2. Our findings suggest that endogenously produced TGF-β1 plays a role in physiological mechanisms underlying LTP and memory.
|Titolo:||Physiological role of TGF-β1 in hippocampal synaptic plasticity and memory|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Citazione:||Physiological role of TGF-β1 in hippocampal synaptic plasticity and memory / Puzzo D; Gulisano W; Guida CA; Impellizzeri AAR; Drago F; Palmeri A; Caraci F.. - (2015). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 66th National Congress of the Italian Physiological Society tenutosi a Genova nel 16-18 September 2015.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|