The pituitary hormone prolactin (PRL) has recently been regarded as a local regulator of macrophage responses. Our goal in this study was to investigate the regulatory interaction between PRL, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production in human monocytes/macrophages (HMMs). In vitro treatment of HMMs with PRL, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and LPS was found to increase both HO-1 expression and protein synthesis in a time-dependent manner. HMMs treated with PRL, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and LPS also showed an enhanced release of VEGF. Moreover, co-stimulation of PRL with LPS caused activation of HMMs functions, enhancement of HO-1 expression and induction of VEGF release, whereas addition of PRL inhibited up-regulation of HO-1 or VEGF induced by IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha. Our results demonstrate that PRL, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and LPS modulate the expression of angiogenic factors providing additional information about the regulatory mechanism, which controls the angiogenic function of macrophages.
|Titolo:||Action of prolactin, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and LPS on heme oxygenase-1 expression and VEGF release in human monocytes/macrophages|
|Autori interni:||IMBESI, Rosa|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|