The great part of the machine on the market for the collection of the nuts is characterized by a suction member placed over a cart with wheels or tracks, pulled by a tractor. This solution, although effective and efficient in rational cultivation with planting distances designed specifically to allow the passage of agricultural vehicles, misses instead possibility of use in spontaneous mountain hazel, without a regular planting distance. Moreover, the steep slopes that usually occur in wild hazel, make impractical the manoeuvres with the possibility of overturning the tractor vehicle and the carried truck. Recently were born, also in the traditional way, simple mechanical solutions which consist in placing the suction member for harvesting, above small self-propelled trucks. Recent research has been conducted to evaluate the safety of the operations of harvesting of nuts in sloping land related aspects in noise and roll-over. In this study was evaluated, in addition to efficiency and to working hours, safety aspects of a machine made by a local craftsman, but that has a commercial success in the Etna area, of considerable importance for the Hazelnuts in Sicily and for the Nebrodi park. The machine is characterized by a vacuum system placed on a self-propelled crawler to collect the nuts in sloping land and with soils corrected with very close terraces and not easy to reach for the traditional mechanization . In particular, attention was focused to aspects of noise level and to stability, evaluated by a tiltable platform. Moreoverwill be assessed the principle health risks due to biomechanical overload (Work related Skeletal Muscle Disorders), will be analysed through the indices risk assessment of increased use, with particular regard to the operators involved in the harvesting and the manual handling of the product. Data analysis and evaluation of safety aspects will identify the machine's ability to meet the harvesting operations and any limitations in terms of safety.
|Titolo:||Evaluation of safety aspects on a machine for nuts harvesting|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|
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|PAPERS_SHWA2015_Caruso.pdf||articolo principale||Versione Editoriale (PDF)||Administrator|