This paper analyses the Italian government decision to launch the Mare Nostrum Operation (MNO) in October 2013 and the animated Italian and European debate that followed bringing Mediterranean migration high in the EU agenda. Italy has succeeded in rising the awareness of EU member states’ governments and public opinion that the Mediterranean migration crisis affects all EU member states - not just Italy or other Southern European countries – and therefore the EU involvement in the management of the crisis is urgently required. Nevertheless, EU member states still resist the adoption of a EU common approach inspired by humanitarian needs and are reluctant to adopt the SAR approach. Despite the appealing political discourses by the current Italian Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi, Italy is having a hard time to exert political leadership in migration issues. However, as the Sophia operation indicates, thanks to its expertise, Italy plays a leading role ‘on the ground’, in the management of EU operations.

The EU and Migration in the Mediterranean. Entrapped between the humanitarian approach and border security

PANEBIANCO, Stefania Paola Ludovica
2017

Abstract

This paper analyses the Italian government decision to launch the Mare Nostrum Operation (MNO) in October 2013 and the animated Italian and European debate that followed bringing Mediterranean migration high in the EU agenda. Italy has succeeded in rising the awareness of EU member states’ governments and public opinion that the Mediterranean migration crisis affects all EU member states - not just Italy or other Southern European countries – and therefore the EU involvement in the management of the crisis is urgently required. Nevertheless, EU member states still resist the adoption of a EU common approach inspired by humanitarian needs and are reluctant to adopt the SAR approach. Despite the appealing political discourses by the current Italian Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi, Italy is having a hard time to exert political leadership in migration issues. However, as the Sophia operation indicates, thanks to its expertise, Italy plays a leading role ‘on the ground’, in the management of EU operations.
9783865152497
Italy, Mare Nostrum, Mediterranean, migration, SARs
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/303194
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