In many countries, income inequality has reached its highest level over the past half century. In the labor market, the technological progress has widened the earnings gap between high- and low-skilled workers. Changes in the structure of households, with a growing percentage of single-headed households, and in family formation, with an increased earnings correlation among partners in couples, is con- tributing in increasing inequality. A key step in measuring income inequality is the estimation of the income distribution, due to the sensitivity of usual inequality mea- sures to extreme values. To deal with this issue, we propose the use of contaminated lognormal and gamma models and we derive the formulations for computing the Gini index based on the model parameters. An application to 101 empirical income distributions that include countries at different development stages is presented.

Modeling Household Income with Contaminated Unimodal Distributions

Mazza A.;Punzo A.
2019

Abstract

In many countries, income inequality has reached its highest level over the past half century. In the labor market, the technological progress has widened the earnings gap between high- and low-skilled workers. Changes in the structure of households, with a growing percentage of single-headed households, and in family formation, with an increased earnings correlation among partners in couples, is con- tributing in increasing inequality. A key step in measuring income inequality is the estimation of the income distribution, due to the sensitivity of usual inequality mea- sures to extreme values. To deal with this issue, we propose the use of contaminated lognormal and gamma models and we derive the formulations for computing the Gini index based on the model parameters. An application to 101 empirical income distributions that include countries at different development stages is presented.
978-3-030-21157-8
978-3-030-21158-5
Income distribution
Heavy-tailed distributions
Gini index
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/361485
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact