TITLE: Psychological capital and work engagement: the mediating role of job crafting PURPOSE Recent literature revealed how employees’ high psychological capital seemed to boost work engagement, but the process through which this effect occurs has not been fully explored yet. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to test whether job crafting can be a mediator of the relationship between psychological capital and work engagement. METHODOLOGY Data were analysed with structural equation modelling. Questionnaire were administered to 579 employees (168 Males, 411 Females) belonging to the healthcare sector. RESULTS Increasing structural job resources and increasing social job resources partially mediated the relationship between hope and vigor and hope and absorption; increasing challenging job demands partially mediated the relationship between hope and dedication and between hope and absorption. Moreover, increasing social job resources fully mediated the relationship between optimism on one side and vigor, dedication and absorption on the other side; finally, they also mediated the relationship between self - efficacy and absorption. LIMITATIONS Cross-sectional measurements (therefore a reverse influence might occur as well) and single source nature of the data were the main limitations. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS Organisations should be encouraged to support workers in maintaining and strengthening their psychological capital in order to keep high levels of engagement; specifically, this could be done by investing on interventions aimed at facilitating crafting behaviours. ORIGINALITY No previous study has investigated the role of individuals’ job crafting behaviours as the explanatory process which translates employees’ psychological capital into work engagement.

Psychological capital and work engagement: the mediation role of Job crafting

Paolillo Anna;Platania Silvia;
2019

Abstract

TITLE: Psychological capital and work engagement: the mediating role of job crafting PURPOSE Recent literature revealed how employees’ high psychological capital seemed to boost work engagement, but the process through which this effect occurs has not been fully explored yet. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to test whether job crafting can be a mediator of the relationship between psychological capital and work engagement. METHODOLOGY Data were analysed with structural equation modelling. Questionnaire were administered to 579 employees (168 Males, 411 Females) belonging to the healthcare sector. RESULTS Increasing structural job resources and increasing social job resources partially mediated the relationship between hope and vigor and hope and absorption; increasing challenging job demands partially mediated the relationship between hope and dedication and between hope and absorption. Moreover, increasing social job resources fully mediated the relationship between optimism on one side and vigor, dedication and absorption on the other side; finally, they also mediated the relationship between self - efficacy and absorption. LIMITATIONS Cross-sectional measurements (therefore a reverse influence might occur as well) and single source nature of the data were the main limitations. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS Organisations should be encouraged to support workers in maintaining and strengthening their psychological capital in order to keep high levels of engagement; specifically, this could be done by investing on interventions aimed at facilitating crafting behaviours. ORIGINALITY No previous study has investigated the role of individuals’ job crafting behaviours as the explanatory process which translates employees’ psychological capital into work engagement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/366321
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