This chapter illustrates the capabilities of non-diffractive Bessel beams for near-field focusing. After a brief introduction of the non-diffractive phenomenon and its origin, the generation of non-diffractive Bessel beams by inward cylindrical traveling waves is analyzed in detail. A ray interpretation is proposed for such beams for infinite and finite radiating apertures. Their main radiation capabilities and limitations in terms of focusing, bandwidth, and operating range are discussed. In particular, it is shown that inward cylindrical traveling wave aperture field distributions can generate non-diffractive Bessel beams over a large bandwidth. As a practical implementation of the discussed theory, a class of launchers based on radial waveguides loaded by metallic gratings or slots is proposed, for which an efficient design and optimization technique is described. In addition, a different and unconventional leaky-wave approach is also adopted for the design of radial waveguides loaded by metasurfaces. The chapter ends by outlining the future research activities and possible applications of non-diffractive beams.
|Titolo:||Near-Field Focusing by Non-diffracting Bessel Beams|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio)|
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