Smoldering myeloma (SMM) is an asymptomatic stage characterized by bone marrow plasma cells infiltration between 10-60% in absence of myeloma-defining events and organ damage. Until the revision of criteria of MM to require treatment, two main prognostic models, not overlapping each other, were proposed and used differently in Europe and in US. Novel manageable drugs, like lenalidomide and monoclonal antibodies, with high efficacy and limited toxicity, improvement in imaging and prognostication, challenge physicians to offer early treatment to highrisk SMM. Taking advantage from the debates offered by SOHO Italy, in this review we will update the evidence and consequent clinical practices in US and Europe to offer readers a uniform view of clinical approach at diagnosis, follow-up and supportive care in the SMM setting.

How we manage smoldering multiple myeloma

Romano, Alessandra;Conticello, Concetta;Di Raimondo, Francesco
2020

Abstract

Smoldering myeloma (SMM) is an asymptomatic stage characterized by bone marrow plasma cells infiltration between 10-60% in absence of myeloma-defining events and organ damage. Until the revision of criteria of MM to require treatment, two main prognostic models, not overlapping each other, were proposed and used differently in Europe and in US. Novel manageable drugs, like lenalidomide and monoclonal antibodies, with high efficacy and limited toxicity, improvement in imaging and prognostication, challenge physicians to offer early treatment to highrisk SMM. Taking advantage from the debates offered by SOHO Italy, in this review we will update the evidence and consequent clinical practices in US and Europe to offer readers a uniform view of clinical approach at diagnosis, follow-up and supportive care in the SMM setting.
Smoldering multiple myeloma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/542001
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