"e aim of the study is to investigate the type of demands (hindering/challenging) perceived by professors/ researchers, and their relationship with negative psychological/health outcomes. First, a scoping review was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines, and 37 of the 119 articles that emerged, published until 2020, were selected. Findings highlighted how speci$c demands (overload, time pressure), are not always considered as hindering or challenging in the same way, and how this a#ects their relationship with negative outcomes. In light of these $ndings, two meta-analytic models were examined on a total of 12809 participants. In model 1, following Crawford et al., work overload and time pressure were operationalized as challenges, whereas in model 2 a more speci$c operationalization of these demands was conducted according to the way in which they were considered hindrance/challenge in each study in the meta-analysis. Results showed an e#ect of demands on the outcomes in the two models (model1 r = .18, p= 0.004; model2: r=.17, p=.008). "e moderating e#ect of the type of stressors was statistically signi$cant only in model 2: hindrance(r=.25, p=.002); challenge(r=.09, p=.23).Limitations, directions for future research and practical implication are also discusse

CHALLENGING/HINDERING DEMANDS AND NEGATIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL/HEALTH OUTCOMES ON UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS AND RESEARCHERS: A SCOPING REVIEW AND PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF A META-ANALYSIS

Silvia Platania.
2022-01-01

Abstract

"e aim of the study is to investigate the type of demands (hindering/challenging) perceived by professors/ researchers, and their relationship with negative psychological/health outcomes. First, a scoping review was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines, and 37 of the 119 articles that emerged, published until 2020, were selected. Findings highlighted how speci$c demands (overload, time pressure), are not always considered as hindering or challenging in the same way, and how this a#ects their relationship with negative outcomes. In light of these $ndings, two meta-analytic models were examined on a total of 12809 participants. In model 1, following Crawford et al., work overload and time pressure were operationalized as challenges, whereas in model 2 a more speci$c operationalization of these demands was conducted according to the way in which they were considered hindrance/challenge in each study in the meta-analysis. Results showed an e#ect of demands on the outcomes in the two models (model1 r = .18, p= 0.004; model2: r=.17, p=.008). "e moderating e#ect of the type of stressors was statistically signi$cant only in model 2: hindrance(r=.25, p=.002); challenge(r=.09, p=.23).Limitations, directions for future research and practical implication are also discusse
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/544061
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