This research introduces a novel micro-damper designed to mitigate pressure and velocity oscillations from a piezoelectric micropump in microfluidic environments. Unlike existing research focusing on damping in incompressible liquid flows with methods like elastic films and PDMS membranes, this study proposes a novel micro-damper prototype. Integrated into a microdevice for particle granulometric separation and detection, the damper connects to a piezoelectric micropump outlet and to a focusing microchannel inlet, followed by a capacitive sensor for size-based particle counting. Preliminary analysis determined an optimal airflow velocity at w = 0.5 m/s for accurate focusing and counting under laminar conditions. The micro-damper, constrained by the piezoelectric pump’s geometry, features a 27 μm high and 1000 μm wide cross section. Its outlet supports two potential focusing microchannel inlet configurations of 30 μm or 40 μm. Distinctively, it incorporates two symmetrical backward micro-channels connecting to the atmosphere, allowing direct piezometric contact between the main flow and an infinite compliant volume. OpenFOAM simulations confirm the damper’s effectiveness in maintaining laminar outlet flow and suppressing micropump disturbances. Thus, the proposed micro-damper ensures optimal inlet conditions for subsequent microchannel processes, enabling stable particle separation and detection in controlled airflow samples.

Microscale damper prototype: A preliminary study on suppressing air flow oscillations within microchannels

A Fichera;A Pagano;R Volpe
2024-01-01

Abstract

This research introduces a novel micro-damper designed to mitigate pressure and velocity oscillations from a piezoelectric micropump in microfluidic environments. Unlike existing research focusing on damping in incompressible liquid flows with methods like elastic films and PDMS membranes, this study proposes a novel micro-damper prototype. Integrated into a microdevice for particle granulometric separation and detection, the damper connects to a piezoelectric micropump outlet and to a focusing microchannel inlet, followed by a capacitive sensor for size-based particle counting. Preliminary analysis determined an optimal airflow velocity at w = 0.5 m/s for accurate focusing and counting under laminar conditions. The micro-damper, constrained by the piezoelectric pump’s geometry, features a 27 μm high and 1000 μm wide cross section. Its outlet supports two potential focusing microchannel inlet configurations of 30 μm or 40 μm. Distinctively, it incorporates two symmetrical backward micro-channels connecting to the atmosphere, allowing direct piezometric contact between the main flow and an infinite compliant volume. OpenFOAM simulations confirm the damper’s effectiveness in maintaining laminar outlet flow and suppressing micropump disturbances. Thus, the proposed micro-damper ensures optimal inlet conditions for subsequent microchannel processes, enabling stable particle separation and detection in controlled airflow samples.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/589570
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