Earthquake predictions are based mainly on the observation of precursory phenomena. However, the physical mechanism of earthquakes and precursors is at present poorly understood, because the factors and conditions governing them are so complicated. Methods of prediction based merely on precursory phenomena are therefore purely empirical and involve many practical difficulties. During the past two decades efforts have been made to measure anomalous emanations of geo-gases in earthquake-prone regions of the world, in particular helium, radon, hydrogen, carbon dioxide. Among them radon has been the most preferred as earthquake precursor, because it is easily detectable. The release of radon from natural minerals has been known since 1920’s (Spitsyn, 1926) but its monitoring has more recently been used as a possible tool for earthquake prediction, because the distribution of soil-gas radon concentration is closely related to the geological structure, fracture, nature of rocks and distribution of sources. Therefore, surveying of radon concentration can prospect fracture trace, earthquake forecast, environment monitoring, etc.
|Titolo:||Radon as earthquake precursor|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio)|