The selective reduction of nitric oxide by methane or ethane, in the presence and in the absence of a large excess of oxygen, has been investigated on Cu/ZSM-5, Co/ZSM-5, Rh/ZSM-5 and Pt/ZSM-5 catalysts over a wide range of temperatures. It has been found that the maximum nitric oxide conversion is higher with ethane than with methane and the temperature of this maximum is lower with ethane. In the absence of oxygen the order of activity is Rh/ZSM-5 > Pt/ZSM-5 > Co/ZSM-5 much greater than Cu/ZSM-5 with the Cu/ZSM-5 being essentially inactive, while in the presence of oxygen the order is: Rh/ZSM-5 > Co/ZSM-5 > Cu/ZSM-5 much greater than Pt/ZSM-5 when ethane is used as reductant and: Rh/ZSM-5 > Co/ZSM-5 much greater than Cu/ZSM-5 > Pt/ZSM-5 when methane is used. The effect of the oxygen content has been investigated for the Co/ZSM-5 catalyst. It has been found that with a small quantity of oxygen the catalytic activity decreases markedly; with higher oxygen content the activity of the catalyst rises again. It appears that two different reaction schemes may be operative, one in the absence of oxygen the other in the presence of oxygen. It is concluded that neither carbonaceous deposits, nor nitrogen dioxide formation in the gas phase are important in the reaction mechanism on metal-containing zeolites. It is proposed that the reaction is essentially a redox process in which decomposition of nitric oxide occurs on reduced metallic or metal ion sites (the relative activity of each of these depending on the choice of metal), leading to the formation of gaseous nitrogen and adsorbed oxygen, followed by the removal of the adsorbed oxygen by the hydrocarbon, thus recreating the active centres.
|Titolo:||SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION OF NITRIC-OXIDE WITH ETHANE AND METHANE ON SOME METAL EXCHANGED ZSM-5 ZEOLITES|
|Autori interni:||SCIRE', Salvatore|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Rivista:||APPLIED CATALYSIS. B, ENVIRONMENTAL|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|