Purpose. Our study was designed to calculate central and pe ripheral corneal thickness in patients affected with early stages of keratoconus and in normal subjects using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). To obtain an objective and reliable assessment of the corneal thinning in affected eyes, we developed a keratoconus index (KI) by means of the UBM measurements. Methods, By means of the commercial version of the ultrasound biomicroscope (system model 840; Zeiss-Humphrey Instruments, San Leandro, CA, U.S.A.) using a 50-MHz probe, we studied 30 normal and affected eyes. In keratoconic eyes, we measured the thinnest corneal thickness (TCT) at the apex of the conus and at four peripheral sites at a distance of 2.5 mm from the central site (peripheral corneal thickness: PCT). The same procedure was performed in the normal eyes. To obtain an objective and reliable assessment of the corneal thinning, we calculated the ratio between the mean PCT and the mean TCT (Keratoconus Index: KI = PCT/TCT), in keratoconic eyes. In normal eyes, the KI was calculated on the basis of the ratio between the mean PCT and the mean central corneal thickness (CCT). Results, In keratoconic eyes, the mean corneal thickness at the thinnest part of the conus was significantly different from the CCT in normal patients (Student's t test, p < 0.001). The peripheral measurements were not significantly different from keratoconic and normal eyes. The mean KI was 1.482 (SD, 0.095) in the keratoconic eyes, whereas it was 1.189 (SD, 0.086) in the normal subjects. The statistical analysis of the KI calculated on the basis of the UBM measurements showed that the KI values are significantly different from healthy subjects and from keratoconic patients (Student's t test, p < 0.001). Conclusions, UBM can be considered a useful tool in the study of keratoconus. We believe that calculation of the KI by means of UBM gives the possibility of obtaining an objective assessment of corneal thinning. Therefore this parameter can be useful in the staging and in the follow-up of these patients.

Purpose. Our study was designed to calculate central and peripheral corneal thickness in patients affected with early stages of keratoconus and in normal subjects using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). To obtain an objective and reliable assessment of the corneal thinning in affected eyes, we developed a keratoconus index (KI) by means of the UBM measurements. Methods. By means of the commercial version of the ultrasound biomicroscope (system model 840; Zeiss-Humphrey Instruments, San Leandro, CA, U.S.A.) using a 50-MHz probe, we studied 30 normal and affected eyes. In keratoconic eyes, we measured the thinnest corneal thickness (TCT) at the apex of the conus and at four peripheral sites at a distance of 2.5 mm from the central site (peripheral corneal thickness: PCT). The same procedure was performed in the normal eyes. To obtain an objective and reliable assessment of the corneal thinning, we calculated the ratio between the mean PCT and the mean TCT (Keratoconus Index: KI = PCT/TCT), in keratoconic eyes. In normal eyes, the KI was calculated on the basis of the ratio between the mean PCT and the mean central corneal thickness (CCT). Results. In keratoconic eyes, the mean corneal thickness at the thinnest part of the conus was significantly different from the CCT in normal patients (Student's t test, p < 0.001). The peripheral measurements were not significantly different from keratoconic and normal eyes. The mean KI was 1.482 (SD, 0.095) in the keratoconic eyes, whereas it was 1.189 (SD, 0.086) in the normal subjects. The statistical analysis of the KI calculated on the basis of the UBM measurements showed that the KI values are significantly different from healthy subjects and from keratoconic patients (Student's t test, p < 0.001). Conclusions. UBM can be considered a useful tool in the study of keratoconus. We believe that calculation of the KI by means of UBM gives the possibility of obtaining an objective assessment of corneal thinning. Therefore this parameter can be useful in the staging and in the follow-up of these patients.

Evaluation of central and peripheral corneal thickness with ultrasound biomicroscopy in normal and keratoconic eyes

AVITABILE, Teresio;UVA, Maurizio Giacinto
1997

Abstract

Purpose. Our study was designed to calculate central and peripheral corneal thickness in patients affected with early stages of keratoconus and in normal subjects using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). To obtain an objective and reliable assessment of the corneal thinning in affected eyes, we developed a keratoconus index (KI) by means of the UBM measurements. Methods. By means of the commercial version of the ultrasound biomicroscope (system model 840; Zeiss-Humphrey Instruments, San Leandro, CA, U.S.A.) using a 50-MHz probe, we studied 30 normal and affected eyes. In keratoconic eyes, we measured the thinnest corneal thickness (TCT) at the apex of the conus and at four peripheral sites at a distance of 2.5 mm from the central site (peripheral corneal thickness: PCT). The same procedure was performed in the normal eyes. To obtain an objective and reliable assessment of the corneal thinning, we calculated the ratio between the mean PCT and the mean TCT (Keratoconus Index: KI = PCT/TCT), in keratoconic eyes. In normal eyes, the KI was calculated on the basis of the ratio between the mean PCT and the mean central corneal thickness (CCT). Results. In keratoconic eyes, the mean corneal thickness at the thinnest part of the conus was significantly different from the CCT in normal patients (Student's t test, p < 0.001). The peripheral measurements were not significantly different from keratoconic and normal eyes. The mean KI was 1.482 (SD, 0.095) in the keratoconic eyes, whereas it was 1.189 (SD, 0.086) in the normal subjects. The statistical analysis of the KI calculated on the basis of the UBM measurements showed that the KI values are significantly different from healthy subjects and from keratoconic patients (Student's t test, p < 0.001). Conclusions. UBM can be considered a useful tool in the study of keratoconus. We believe that calculation of the KI by means of UBM gives the possibility of obtaining an objective assessment of corneal thinning. Therefore this parameter can be useful in the staging and in the follow-up of these patients.
Purpose. Our study was designed to calculate central and pe ripheral corneal thickness in patients affected with early stages of keratoconus and in normal subjects using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). To obtain an objective and reliable assessment of the corneal thinning in affected eyes, we developed a keratoconus index (KI) by means of the UBM measurements. Methods, By means of the commercial version of the ultrasound biomicroscope (system model 840; Zeiss-Humphrey Instruments, San Leandro, CA, U.S.A.) using a 50-MHz probe, we studied 30 normal and affected eyes. In keratoconic eyes, we measured the thinnest corneal thickness (TCT) at the apex of the conus and at four peripheral sites at a distance of 2.5 mm from the central site (peripheral corneal thickness: PCT). The same procedure was performed in the normal eyes. To obtain an objective and reliable assessment of the corneal thinning, we calculated the ratio between the mean PCT and the mean TCT (Keratoconus Index: KI = PCT/TCT), in keratoconic eyes. In normal eyes, the KI was calculated on the basis of the ratio between the mean PCT and the mean central corneal thickness (CCT). Results, In keratoconic eyes, the mean corneal thickness at the thinnest part of the conus was significantly different from the CCT in normal patients (Student's t test, p < 0.001). The peripheral measurements were not significantly different from keratoconic and normal eyes. The mean KI was 1.482 (SD, 0.095) in the keratoconic eyes, whereas it was 1.189 (SD, 0.086) in the normal subjects. The statistical analysis of the KI calculated on the basis of the UBM measurements showed that the KI values are significantly different from healthy subjects and from keratoconic patients (Student's t test, p < 0.001). Conclusions, UBM can be considered a useful tool in the study of keratoconus. We believe that calculation of the KI by means of UBM gives the possibility of obtaining an objective assessment of corneal thinning. Therefore this parameter can be useful in the staging and in the follow-up of these patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/10717
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