The scavenger activity against O2 of some flavonoids and melanins (synthetic melanin and melanins isolated from animal tissues, vegetable seeds, and mushroom spores)has been studied by ESR spectrometry. All these substances, except flavon and flavanone, diminish the signal of O2 generated in vitro by a system containing H2O2 and acetone in an alkaline medium. It is shown that the presence of hydroxyl groups in the B ring of flavonoids is essential to their scavenger activity.Moreover, the presence of a hydroxyl at C-3 enhances the scavenger ability of flavonoids.Generally, aglycons are more active than their glycosides. It seems plausible that the antioxidant property of these substances comes from their scavenger activity against O2. It is also pointed out that the scavenger activity shown by melanins,is strictly correlated with their nature of stable radical.
|Titolo:||IN VITRO SCAVENGER ACTIVITY OF SOME FLAVONOIDS AND MELANINS AGAINST O2-|
|Autori interni:||BONOMO, Raffaele|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Rivista:||FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|