A series of amphiphilic ion pairs of erythromycin (ERY) with lipoamino acids (LAAs) were produced. The ion pairs were prepared by evaporation of a water/ethanol co-solution of the drug and LAA bearing an alkyl side chain of 10–16 carbon atoms. For the sake of comparison, equimolar physicalmixtures were prepared by triturating ERY and the LAA in the absence of any solvent. FTIR spectroscopy conﬁrmed the structure of ion pairs, while differential scanning calorimetry and powder Xray diffractometry were used to assess the formation of new saline species. The solubility pattern of the coevaporates in different aqueous and organic solvents conﬁrmed their amphiphilic properties. ERY–LAA ion pairs were submitted to an in vitro microbiological assay against different bacterial strains, bothsusceptible and resistant to macrolides. The presence of the LAA moiety was shown not altering the antibacterial spectrum of activity of the drug. These results can be the basis for a further evaluation of ERY–LAA ion pairs as a mean to improve the penetration of the drug inside bacterial cells and to optimize the loading of ERY in lipid-based nanocarriers.
|Titolo:||Amphiphilic erythromycin-lipoamino acid ion-pairs: characterization and in vitro microbiological evaluation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|