The aim of this study was to evaluate the in-vivo drug release profile of indometacin-loaded liposomes into the skin. Large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs), composed of dipalmitoyl-L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol (9:1), were obtained using the extrusion method and then incorporated in hydrogels (LUV-A and LUV-B). The delivery of indometacin from the liposomal system was evaluated by determining its in-vivo local anti-inflammatory activity after cutaneous application of liposomal gel formulations; the anti-inflammatory activity is directly proportional to the amount of drug that actually crosses the skin. UVB-induced erythema on healthy human volunteers was chosen as the inflammatory model and the extent of erythema was monitored by the non-invasive technique of reflectance spectrophotometry. The results showed that LUV dispersions containing indometacin provided a high percentage of entrapped drug (similar to84%). Furthermore, in-vivo findings revealed that the anti-inflammatory effect was more prolonged when indometacin was delivered from a liposomal gel formulation rather than from a gel formulation without liposomes. In particular, the indometacin-loaded gel formulation LUV-A showed a sustained effect, probably related to an interaction between LUV lipids and stratum corneum lipid structure. This interaction produces a depot in the stratum corneum that ensures sustained release of the drug to deeper skin layers.
|Titolo:||Evaluation of in-vivo topical anti-inflammatory activity of indometacin from liposomal vesicles|
|Autori interni:||PUGLIA, CARMELO|
BONINA, Francesco Paolo
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|