The atomic and electronic structure of polymer films undergoes deep modifications during high energy (keV-MeV) ion irradiation, from molecular solid to amorphous material. At low energy density (10(22)-10(24) eV/cm3) typical effects include chain scissions, crosslinks, molecular emission and double bonds formation. In hydrocarbon polymer (polystyrene, polyethylene) the main effect of irradiation is the formation of new bonds as detected by molecular weight distribution, solubility and optical measurements. Moreover the concentration of trigonal carbon (sp2) in the polymer changes with ion fluence (10(11)-10(14) ions/cm2) and stabilizes to a value of 20% independently on the initial chemical structure of the irradiated sample. Photoemission spectroscopy shows an evolution of valence band states from localized to extended states. At high energy density (10(24)-10(26) eV/cm3) the irradiated polymer continues to evolve showing spectroscopic characteristics close to those of hydrogenated amorphous carbon. Trigonal carbon concentration changes with ion fluence (10(14)-10(16) ions/cm2) reaching the steady state value of 60% and the hydrogen concentration decreases to 20%. Moreover the values of the optical gap (2.5-0.5 eV) suggest the presence of medium range order in the obtained hydrogenated amorphous carbon. These values are consistent with the formation of graphitic clusters, whose size goes from 5 angstrom to 20 angstrom by changing the ion fluence (or energy density).

STRUCTURAL MODIFICATION OF POLYMER-FILMS BY ION IRRADIATION

CALCAGNO, Lucia;COMPAGNINI, Giuseppe Romano;
1992-01-01

Abstract

The atomic and electronic structure of polymer films undergoes deep modifications during high energy (keV-MeV) ion irradiation, from molecular solid to amorphous material. At low energy density (10(22)-10(24) eV/cm3) typical effects include chain scissions, crosslinks, molecular emission and double bonds formation. In hydrocarbon polymer (polystyrene, polyethylene) the main effect of irradiation is the formation of new bonds as detected by molecular weight distribution, solubility and optical measurements. Moreover the concentration of trigonal carbon (sp2) in the polymer changes with ion fluence (10(11)-10(14) ions/cm2) and stabilizes to a value of 20% independently on the initial chemical structure of the irradiated sample. Photoemission spectroscopy shows an evolution of valence band states from localized to extended states. At high energy density (10(24)-10(26) eV/cm3) the irradiated polymer continues to evolve showing spectroscopic characteristics close to those of hydrogenated amorphous carbon. Trigonal carbon concentration changes with ion fluence (10(14)-10(16) ions/cm2) reaching the steady state value of 60% and the hydrogen concentration decreases to 20%. Moreover the values of the optical gap (2.5-0.5 eV) suggest the presence of medium range order in the obtained hydrogenated amorphous carbon. These values are consistent with the formation of graphitic clusters, whose size goes from 5 angstrom to 20 angstrom by changing the ion fluence (or energy density).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/11562
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