Prolonged heating of formamide (HCONH(2)) at 185 degrees C or 220 degrees C produces a black insoluble product. The FT-IR spectroscopy and the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) suggest that the product has the chemical structure of a polymer of hydrocyanic acid: (HCN)(x). The pyrolysis of (HCN)(x) prepared from formamide produces a large amount of gaseous HCN in a wide range of temperatures together with ammonia (NH(3)) and isocyanic acid (H-N-C=O). During the thermal decomposition of formamide to produce (HCN)(x), the volatile products evolved were monitored with gas phase infrared spectroscopy. At 185 degrees C, the gaseous product released were CO(2), CO and NH(3) while at 220 degrees C, also HCN was detected. In both cases, a white sublimate was collected in the upper part of the reaction vessel. It consists of ammonium carbamate and its hydrolysis products ammonium carbonate and hydrogen carbonate. It is therefore possible to synthesize the polymer of hydrocyanic acid (HCN)(x) starting from formamide avoiding to handle the dangerous hydrocyanic acid.
|Titolo:||Synthesis of HCN Polymer from Thermal Decomposition of Formamide|
|Autori interni:||COMPAGNINI, Giuseppe Romano|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE. PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|