Optical spectroscopy in the visible (300-1100 MI) and in the infrared (400-4000 cm(-1)) regions was used to monitor the relaxation and crystallization processes of pure amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC) thin films upon annealing at temperatures between 200 and 1000 degrees C. These films were obtained by ion implantation of crystalline material with 200 keV Kr+ at a fluence of 2 x 10(15) ions cm(-2). The refractive index n and the absorption index k were calculated from the ultraviolet-visible transmittance and reflectance, and information on the vibration modes of the SI-C bonds was detected from infrared transmittance. Thermal treatment changes the optical properties of a-SiC; in particular, annealing at temperatures lower than 800 degrees C resulted in a continuous variation in both the refractive index and the absorption index and in a decrease in the infrared silicon-carbon peak width. Annealing at higher temperatures produces sudden variations in the shape of the refractive index and in the infrared silicon-carbon peak. These trends allowed us to identify the occurrence of two processes: relaxation of the amorphous phase at low temperatures and crystallization at temperatures higher than 800 degrees C.
|Titolo:||Relaxation and crystallization of amorphous silicon carbide probed by optical measurements|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|