AIMS: Relationships of renal function and liver disease are described in acute and chronic liver failure. The aim of the study is to investigate which relationship, if any, is present between severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), assessed by bright liver score (BLS) versus mild-moderate renal insufficiency assessed by glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and by ultrasound intra-renal arterial resistive index (RRI). Moreover, which difference, if any, can be found in NAFLD patients with normal versus increased transaminases. PATIENTS: The study enrolled 323 NAFLD and 176 non-NAFLD consecutive patients, comparable for age, gender distribution, GFR, and RRI referred to a university clinical day hospital after an ultrasound diagnosis of bright liver, for clinical-nutritional counselling. Personalized computerized mediterranean diet, physical activity increase, and smoking withdrawal integrated counselling were provided. RESULTS: In NAFLD patients, homoeostasis model (HOMA) has a significant correlation with BLS. According to the severity of BLS, grade II-III versus grade I patients have significantly higher values of HOMA, body mass index (BMI), triglycerides, and longitudinal right liver length. By odds ratio, more severe BLS, increased HOMA, and transaminases are associated with lower GFR. Increased transaminases are associated with higher grades of BLS, HOMA, and BMI. By multiple linear regression waist-to-hip ratio, RRI, and BLS, as significant independent factors (p < 0.0001), explain significantly variance to GFR. This is not observed in normal control group, in which only RRI is a factor explaining GFR. CONCLUSION: Greater RRI, abdominal obesity, and greater BLS account for a lower GFR in NAFLD patients suggesting the hypothesis that inter-related factors can be operating early in the natural history of obesity-related kidney and liver disease.
|Titolo:||Renal function and severity of bright liver. Relationship with insulin resistance, intrarenal resistive index, and glomerular filtration rate.|
|Autori interni:||CATALANO, Daniela|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|