A comparative study of the fatigue resistance of rotary nickel-titanium endodontic instruments was performed with the aim of assessing the influence of both instrument design and surface treatment on flexural fracture. Study design. To evaluate fatigue resistance of different rotary instruments, a total of 120 instruments were tested; these came from different sources: Pro File, RaCe, K3, Hero, and Mtwo. To compare the effect of electro-polishing procedures on fatigue resistance, a group of RaCe instruments (which are normally electro-polished) without surface treatment was used. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) study for each instrument was performed before and after fatigue study to determine the mode of fracture and the aspect of tips and cross-sectional surface areas. Results. Pro File instruments gave the best values for fatigue resistance. It was seen that for RaCe instruments the surface treatment reduces the presence of micro-cracks, surface debris, and machining damage. Conclusions. This study shows that the instrument design often proves to be an important factor in the fatigue resistance of NiTi rotary instruments. In RaCe instruments the electro-polishing surface treatment increases the fracture-related fatigue resistance. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radio! Endod 2006;102:e106-e114)

Cyclic fatigue of different nickel-titanium endodontic rotary instruments

TRIPI, Teresa Roberta;CONDORELLI, Guglielmo Guido
2006

Abstract

A comparative study of the fatigue resistance of rotary nickel-titanium endodontic instruments was performed with the aim of assessing the influence of both instrument design and surface treatment on flexural fracture. Study design. To evaluate fatigue resistance of different rotary instruments, a total of 120 instruments were tested; these came from different sources: Pro File, RaCe, K3, Hero, and Mtwo. To compare the effect of electro-polishing procedures on fatigue resistance, a group of RaCe instruments (which are normally electro-polished) without surface treatment was used. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) study for each instrument was performed before and after fatigue study to determine the mode of fracture and the aspect of tips and cross-sectional surface areas. Results. Pro File instruments gave the best values for fatigue resistance. It was seen that for RaCe instruments the surface treatment reduces the presence of micro-cracks, surface debris, and machining damage. Conclusions. This study shows that the instrument design often proves to be an important factor in the fatigue resistance of NiTi rotary instruments. In RaCe instruments the electro-polishing surface treatment increases the fracture-related fatigue resistance. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radio! Endod 2006;102:e106-e114)
cyclic fatigue; nickel - titanium; RaCe instruments
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/12345
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