Objectives. Contemporary series of open prostatectomies from Western countries are rare. Frequently, the analysis of the outcome of open prostatectomy refers to old experiences or to series from developing countries. Any comparison with transurethral resection of the prostate can be invalidated by complications of open surgery because of the lack of an adequate healthcare system and technology. Methods. The Sicilian-Calabrian Society of Urology performed a retrospective study to assess the surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia in Sicily and Calabria in 1997 and 1998. A three-page questionnaire was sent to the 36 urologic units of these two Italian regions with more than 7.5 million inhabitants. Results. Twenty-six units (72.3%) replied. Of 31,558 patients treated for symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia, 5636 underwent surgery. Open prostatectomy (n = 1804) accounted for 32% of all surgical treatment. The median prostate volume was 75 cm(3) and the median serum prostate-specific antigen level was 3.7 ng/mL. The postoperative median hospitalization time was 7 days. Concomitant low urinary tract disease was present in 25% of the patients. Severe bleeding occurred in 11.6% of open prostatectomies. Blood transfusions were given in 8.2% of cases. Sepsis was reported in 8.6% of the patients. Reinterventions, within 2 years, mainly due to bladder neck stenosis, were reported in 3.6% of cases. Conclusions. The results of the present survey provide a current picture of open prostatectomy. This procedure, even if performed nowadays and in Western countries, shows the same significant rate of early and late complications reported in the past or in less-developed countries. (C) 2002, Elsevier Science Inc.
|Titolo:||Open prostatectomy for benign prostatic enlargement in southern Europe in the late 1990s: A contemporary series of 1800 interventions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|