Several lines of experimental evidence suggest that acetylcholine (ACh) is excitatory to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Since previous experiments have shown that ACh does not affect pituitary adrenocorticotropin secretion in vitro, we hypothesized that ACh stimulates the HPA axis by causing hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) secretion. We examined this hypothesis using an organ culture system that measures the ability of single rat hypothalami to secrete immunoreactive CRH (IR-rCRH) in vitro. ACh stimulated hypothalamic IR-rCRH secretion in a dose-dependent fashion, at concentrations ranging from 3.3 x 10(-10) to 10(-5) M. This effect was antagonized by the simultaneous presence of atropine and hexamethonium, a muscarinic and a nicotinic receptor antagonist, respectively (p less than 0.05). Further evidence for the cholinergic regulation of the CRH neuron was provided by the findings that both carbachol, a muscarinic receptor agonist, and nicotine, a nicotinic receptor agonist, stimulated IR-rCRH secretion in a dose-dependent fashion. These effects were antagonized by atropine and hexamethonium, respectively, suggesting that both muscarinic and nicotinic receptors are involved in the process. ACh stimulated hypothalamic IR-rCRH secretion in the presence of phentolamine, an alpha-adrenergic antagonist, and ritanserin, a serotonin2 receptor antagonist, suggesting that the cholinergic stimulation of CRH secretion is not mediated by alpha-adrenergic or serotonergic interneurons. We conclude that ACh stimulates hypothalamic CRH secretion via both muscarinic and nicotinic receptor mechanisms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Effect of cholinergic agonists and antagonists on rat hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone secretion in vitro

CALOGERO, Aldo Eugenio;BERNARDINI, Renato;
1988

Abstract

Several lines of experimental evidence suggest that acetylcholine (ACh) is excitatory to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Since previous experiments have shown that ACh does not affect pituitary adrenocorticotropin secretion in vitro, we hypothesized that ACh stimulates the HPA axis by causing hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) secretion. We examined this hypothesis using an organ culture system that measures the ability of single rat hypothalami to secrete immunoreactive CRH (IR-rCRH) in vitro. ACh stimulated hypothalamic IR-rCRH secretion in a dose-dependent fashion, at concentrations ranging from 3.3 x 10(-10) to 10(-5) M. This effect was antagonized by the simultaneous presence of atropine and hexamethonium, a muscarinic and a nicotinic receptor antagonist, respectively (p less than 0.05). Further evidence for the cholinergic regulation of the CRH neuron was provided by the findings that both carbachol, a muscarinic receptor agonist, and nicotine, a nicotinic receptor agonist, stimulated IR-rCRH secretion in a dose-dependent fashion. These effects were antagonized by atropine and hexamethonium, respectively, suggesting that both muscarinic and nicotinic receptors are involved in the process. ACh stimulated hypothalamic IR-rCRH secretion in the presence of phentolamine, an alpha-adrenergic antagonist, and ritanserin, a serotonin2 receptor antagonist, suggesting that the cholinergic stimulation of CRH secretion is not mediated by alpha-adrenergic or serotonergic interneurons. We conclude that ACh stimulates hypothalamic CRH secretion via both muscarinic and nicotinic receptor mechanisms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/13210
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