OBJECTIVES: For several years, children in Sicily with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia have been treated locally at the University of Catania. We compared the results of locally treated children with the results obtained at other centres. METHODS: The diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) was made in 78 children in the haematology and oncology division of the University of Catania, Sicily, From January 1987 to December 1992. Patients diagnosed before December 1990 were treated with the protocol ALL 87 including prednisone, vincristine, daunorubicine, L-asparaginase and intrathecal methotrexate. Total duration of treatment was 25-26 months. For patients diagnosed after December 1990, the protocol 90-91 used the same drugs for induction and three intrathecal drugs (methotrexate, cytarabine and prednisone) as well as cyclophosphamide to prolong induction in intermediary risk patients. Only high risk patients received cerebral irradiation. Total duration of treatment was 2 years. Full follow-up data were available for 76 patients. RESULTS: Survival rate without relapse was 66% and the 5-year survival rate was 82.7%. These results were comparable with those published by other international groups. In addition, particular attention was given to psychological support to decrease the deleterious effects of both the disease and the treatment protocols. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that ALL children can be cared for locally in Sicily without risking poorer outcome. It would be preferable to treat these children as near as possible to their area of residence in order to diminish the psychological trauma resulting from long-term hospitalization far from their family.
|Titolo:||Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children. Results of treatment in Sicily 1987-1992|
|Autori interni:||DI CATALDO, Andrea|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Rivista:||LA PRESSE MÉDICALE|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|