Pathogenetic, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of postoperative bile duct injuries are reviewed. Treatment options are discussed in relation to the time of diagnosis. Lesions detected during the same operation must be immediately repaired through an end-to-end biliary anastomosis or a bilioenteric anastomosis. In limited lesions of the bile duct a T-tube placement should be sufficient. Bile duct lesions recognized postoperatively can be managed through a multimodal surgical, endoscopic, and radiologic approach. In the early postoperative period, surgery is indicated when a complete section of the biliary tract or a severe peritonitis is recognized, or when endoscopic and radiologic treatment has failed. Surgery is also the treatment of choice in the late complete stenosis of the bile duct. Roux-en-Y hepatico-jejunostomy is the most common surgical procedure for the treatment of bile duct lesions and strictures. However, in high bile duct lesions, especially if the risk of anastomotic dehiscence is increased the Authors emphasize the Rodney-Smith technique for the reconstruction of the biliary tract.
|Titolo:||Iatrogenic biliary lesions and stenosis [Lesioni e stenosi biliari iatrogeniche.]|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|