PURPOSE: As part of a study on the pharmacokinetics associated with the administration of asparaginase (ASNase) from Erwinia to the CNS, we determined the levels of asparagine in the CSF of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty children received eight standard doses of intramuscular ASNase (10,000 IU/m2) every 3 days as part of induction therapy. In the postremission phase of therapy, the children were randomized to receive either 20 courses of high-dose intramuscular ASNase (25,000 IU/m2) weekly (n = 8) or four courses of standard-dose intramuscular ASNase (10,000 IU/m2) every 3 days (n = 12). RESULTS: All patients had detectable levels of L-asparagine in the CSF at the time of diagnosis. The levels of L-asparagine in CSF were undetectable in 15 of 20 (75%) and in seven of 19 (36.8%) children 3 and 5 days, respectively, after administration of standard-dose ASNase. After administration of high-dose ASNase, the levels of L-asparagine in the CSF were undetectable in five (62.5%) and two (25%) of eight children after 3 and 5 days, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this study 60% to 70% and 25% to 35% of children had complete depletion of L-asparagine from the CSF after 3 and 5 days, respectively, after administration of both schedules of ASNase from Erwinia. In the remaining patients, administration of ASNase may have resulted in a suboptimal antileukemic effect at the CNS level.
|Titolo:||Levels of L-asparagine in CSF after intramuscular administration of asparaginase from Erwinia in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia|
|Autori interni:||DI CATALDO, Andrea|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|