Cholecystectomy is a common surgical procedure performed in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Postoperative complications, including acute painful vaso-occlusive crisis and acute chest syndrome, have been described frequently after either traditional or laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). It's still not clear if preoperative blood transfusion, hyperhydration, intraoperative body temperature conservation may reduce complications rate. The Authors reviewed the charts of seven patients with SCD operated on LC for symptomatic gallbladder lithiasis and describe their perioperative management. In 3 patients preoperative endoscopic removal of stones was achieved. Five patients with HB lower than 9 g/dl and/or HbS higher than 40% were transfused preoperatively and all the patients were hyperhydrated. Intraoperative monitoring was achieved for early recognition of ventilation to perfusion mismatch and acid-base balance or temperature modifications. The Authors reported only one case of postoperative lower extremities pain. This study suggests that LC is a safe procedure in SCD if appropriate monitoring and perioperative management are achieved.
|Titolo:||Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in adult patients with sicklecell disease.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|