The isothiazole derivative 3-methylthio-5-(4-OBn-phenyl)-4-isothiazolecarbonitrile, coded IS-50, which in previous studies had exhibited a broad antipicornavirus spectrum of action, was selected as the model for the synthesis of a new series of 3-methylthio-5-aryl-4-isothiazolecarbonitriles. These compounds were prepared in good yield (from 66 to 82%) by alkylation of 3-methylthio-5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-isothiazolecarbonitrile with suitable bromides in the presence of acetone; only the 4-cyanophenoxy derivatives were obtained in a yield of less than 30%. All the compounds were screened against a panel of 17 representative human rhinovirus (HRV) serotypes belonging to both A and B groups, enteroviruses polio 1, ECHO 9 and Coxsackie B1, cardiovirus EMC, measles virus, and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Our results demonstrate that HRV 86 (group A) and HRVs 39 and 89 (group B) are the rhinovirus serotypes more susceptible to the action of these compounds. Isothiazole derivatives with a longer intermediate alkyl chain exhibited good activity against polio 1 and ECHO 9. The compound bearing a butyl group between the two phenoxy rings showed the lowest IC50 against Coxsackie B1 and measles viruses. No activity against HSV-1 was detected with any of the compounds screened.
|Titolo:||Synthesis of new 3-methylthio-5-aryl-4- isothiazolecarbonitriles with broad antiviral spectrum|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|