In this paper we present hybrid algorithms for the single-source shortest-paths (SSSP) and for the all-pairs shortest-paths (APSP) problems, which are asymptotically fast when run on graphs with few destinations of negative-weight arcs. Plainly, the case of graphs with few sources of negative-weight arcs can be handled as well, using reverse graphs. With a directed graph with n nodes and m arcs, our algorithm for the SSSP problem has an O((m + n logn + 2))-time complexity, where is the number of destinations of negative-weight arcs in the graph. In the case of the APSP problem, we propose an O(nm∗+n2 logn+n2) algorithm, where m∗ is the number of arcs participating in shortest paths. Notice that m∗ is likely to be small in practice, since m∗ = O(n logn) with high probability for several probability distributions on arc weights.

Fast shortest-paths algorithms in the presence of few destinations of negative-weight arcs

CANTONE, Domenico;FARO, SIMONE
2014

Abstract

In this paper we present hybrid algorithms for the single-source shortest-paths (SSSP) and for the all-pairs shortest-paths (APSP) problems, which are asymptotically fast when run on graphs with few destinations of negative-weight arcs. Plainly, the case of graphs with few sources of negative-weight arcs can be handled as well, using reverse graphs. With a directed graph with n nodes and m arcs, our algorithm for the SSSP problem has an O((m + n logn + 2))-time complexity, where is the number of destinations of negative-weight arcs in the graph. In the case of the APSP problem, we propose an O(nm∗+n2 logn+n2) algorithm, where m∗ is the number of arcs participating in shortest paths. Notice that m∗ is likely to be small in practice, since m∗ = O(n logn) with high probability for several probability distributions on arc weights.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/14585
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