The kinetics of the isothermal degradation in static air atmosphere of four well known polymers, polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polycarbonate (PC) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) was studied by both a long-term (more than three years) experiment at relatively low temperature (423 K) and a set of short-term experiments at higher temperatures. The activation energy (Ea) values of degradation were determined by both the MacCallum and Wilkinson literature methods, and were compared with those obtained through a new very simple method we set up, based on the direct regression of TG mass loss data. About two years ago we published the results concerning PE and PS because their mass losses during long-term experiments were sufficiently high. The long-term degradation experiments were continued until now and in this second part we report the results concerning PC and PMMA. The degradation Ea values calculated from short-term experimental data through the three different methods were in good agreement with each other for both PC and PMMA, thus confirming the general applicability of our simple method for the determination of Ea. The experimental data at lower temperature of PC were not in agreement with those at higher temperatures, thus confirming the low reliability of the kinetic parameters (and then of lifetime predictions) at low temperature determined by experiments at higher temperatures. Partially disagreeing results were obtained for PMMA, which were discussed and interpreted.
|Titolo:||The regression of isothermal thermogravimetric data to evaluate degradation Ea values of polymers: a comparison with literature methods and an evaluation of lifetime predictions reliability. Part II|
|Autori interni:||BLANCO, Ignazio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Rivista:||POLYMER DEGRADATION AND STABILITY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|