Aging is characterized by a progressive cognitive decline that leads to memory impairment. Because the cyclic nucleotide cascade is essential for the integrity of synaptic function and memory, and it is down regulated during aging and in neurodegenerative disorders, we investigated whether an increase in cGMP levels might rescue age-related synaptic and memory deficits in mice. We demonstrated that acute perfusion with the phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil (50 nM) ameliorated long-term potentiation in hippocampal slices from 26-30-month-old mice. Moreover, chronic intraperitoneal injection of sildenafil (3 mg/kg for 3 weeks) improved agerelated spatial learning and reference memory as tested by the Morris Water Maze, and recognition memory as tested by the Object Recognition Test. Finally, sildenafil restored central cAMP responsive element-binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation, which is crucial for synaptic plasticity and memory. Our data suggest that inhibition of phosphodiesterase-5 may be beneficial to treat age-related cognitive dysfunction in a physiological mouse model of aging.

Inhibition of phosphodiesterase-5 rescues age-related impairment of synaptic plasticity and memory

PALMERI, Agostino;S. Giunta;LORETO, CARLA AGATA;PUZZO, DANIELA
2013-01-01

Abstract

Aging is characterized by a progressive cognitive decline that leads to memory impairment. Because the cyclic nucleotide cascade is essential for the integrity of synaptic function and memory, and it is down regulated during aging and in neurodegenerative disorders, we investigated whether an increase in cGMP levels might rescue age-related synaptic and memory deficits in mice. We demonstrated that acute perfusion with the phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil (50 nM) ameliorated long-term potentiation in hippocampal slices from 26-30-month-old mice. Moreover, chronic intraperitoneal injection of sildenafil (3 mg/kg for 3 weeks) improved agerelated spatial learning and reference memory as tested by the Morris Water Maze, and recognition memory as tested by the Object Recognition Test. Finally, sildenafil restored central cAMP responsive element-binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation, which is crucial for synaptic plasticity and memory. Our data suggest that inhibition of phosphodiesterase-5 may be beneficial to treat age-related cognitive dysfunction in a physiological mouse model of aging.
2013
synaptic plasticity; memory; pde5 inhibitors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/15023
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