In this work, a model of the stepped Timoshenko beam in presence of deflection and rotation discontinuities along the span is presented. The proposed model relies on the adoption of Heaviside’s and Dirac’s delta distributions to model abrupt and concentrated, both flexural and shear, stiffness discontinuities of the beam that lead to exact closed-form solutions of the elastic response in presence of static loads. Based on the latter solutions, a novel beam element for the analysis of frame structures with an arbitrary distribution of singularities is here proposed. In particular, the presented closed-form solutions are exploited to formulate the displacement shape functions of the beam element and the relevant explicit form of the stiffness matrix. The proposed beam element is adopted for a finite element discretization of discontinuous framed structures. In particular, by means of the introduction of a mass matrix consistent with the adopted shape functions, the presented model allows also the dynamic analysis of framed structures in presence of deflection and rotation discontinuities and abrupt variations of the cross-section. The presented formulation can also be easily employed to conduct a dynamic analysis of damaged frame structures in which the distributed and concentrated damage distributions are modelled by means of equivalent discontinuities. As an example, a simple portal frame, under different damage scenarios, has been analysed and the results in terms of frequency and vibration modes have been compared with exact results to show the accuracy of the presented discontinuous beam element.

A novel beam finite element with singularities for the dynamic analysis of discontinuous frames

CADDEMI, Salvatore;CALIO', Ivo Domenico;Cannizzaro F;
2013

Abstract

In this work, a model of the stepped Timoshenko beam in presence of deflection and rotation discontinuities along the span is presented. The proposed model relies on the adoption of Heaviside’s and Dirac’s delta distributions to model abrupt and concentrated, both flexural and shear, stiffness discontinuities of the beam that lead to exact closed-form solutions of the elastic response in presence of static loads. Based on the latter solutions, a novel beam element for the analysis of frame structures with an arbitrary distribution of singularities is here proposed. In particular, the presented closed-form solutions are exploited to formulate the displacement shape functions of the beam element and the relevant explicit form of the stiffness matrix. The proposed beam element is adopted for a finite element discretization of discontinuous framed structures. In particular, by means of the introduction of a mass matrix consistent with the adopted shape functions, the presented model allows also the dynamic analysis of framed structures in presence of deflection and rotation discontinuities and abrupt variations of the cross-section. The presented formulation can also be easily employed to conduct a dynamic analysis of damaged frame structures in which the distributed and concentrated damage distributions are modelled by means of equivalent discontinuities. As an example, a simple portal frame, under different damage scenarios, has been analysed and the results in terms of frequency and vibration modes have been compared with exact results to show the accuracy of the presented discontinuous beam element.
Discontinuities; Finite element method; beam element; damaged frame structures
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/15868
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