Constructed wetlands (CWs) are widely used natural-like systems for wastewater treatment where organic matter is removed through carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Several studies have been conducted regarding emissions and the sequestration of CO2 in CWs in the Northern Hemisphere; however, to thebest of our knowledge, no studies have been performed in the Mediterranean Basin. This work quantified daily and cumulative CO2 emissions from a full-scale CW horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) bed duringsemiarid Mediterranean spring climate conditions. The average daily CO2-C that was released in the atmosphere during the first 50 days ranged from approximately 17.5% to 32.6% of the C that was removed fromwastewater. Considering both the Phragmites australis aerial part dry matter production (0.83 kg m−2) and the average CO2-C emissions, after 50 days of vegetative regrowth, the HSSF bed was demonstrated to act as a CO2 sink. The cumulative CO2 efflux was 452.15±50.40 CO2 g m−2 and 276.02±12.07 CO2 g −2for vegetated and unvegetated sites, respectively.

Carbon dioxide emissions from horizontal sub-surface constructed wetlands in the Mediterranean Basin

BARBERA, Antonio Carlo;CIRELLI, Giuseppe;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Constructed wetlands (CWs) are widely used natural-like systems for wastewater treatment where organic matter is removed through carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Several studies have been conducted regarding emissions and the sequestration of CO2 in CWs in the Northern Hemisphere; however, to thebest of our knowledge, no studies have been performed in the Mediterranean Basin. This work quantified daily and cumulative CO2 emissions from a full-scale CW horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) bed duringsemiarid Mediterranean spring climate conditions. The average daily CO2-C that was released in the atmosphere during the first 50 days ranged from approximately 17.5% to 32.6% of the C that was removed fromwastewater. Considering both the Phragmites australis aerial part dry matter production (0.83 kg m−2) and the average CO2-C emissions, after 50 days of vegetative regrowth, the HSSF bed was demonstrated to act as a CO2 sink. The cumulative CO2 efflux was 452.15±50.40 CO2 g m−2 and 276.02±12.07 CO2 g −2for vegetated and unvegetated sites, respectively.
Horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland; Carbon dioxide balance; Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud; Static stationary chamber technique
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/15889
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