Our previous studies on cutaneous beta human papillomavirus 38 (HPV38) E6 and E7 oncoproteins highlighted a novel activity of I kappa B kinase beta (IKK beta) in the nucleus of human keratinocytes, where it phosphorylates and stabilizes Delta Np73 alpha, an antagonist of p53/p73 functions. Here, we further characterize the role of the IKK beta nuclear form. We show that IKK beta nuclear translocation and Delta Np73 alpha accumulation are mediated mainly by HPV38 E7 oncoprotein. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)/Re-ChIP experiments showed that Delta Np73 alpha and IKK beta are part, together with two epigenetic enzymes DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and the enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), of a transcriptional regulatory complex that inhibits the expression of some p53regulated genes, such as PIG3. Recruitment to the PIG3 promoter of EZH2 and DNMT1 resulted in trimethylation of histone 3 on lysine 27 and in DNA methylation, respectively, both events associated with gene expression silencing. Decreases in the intracellular levels of HPV38 E7 or Delta Np73 alpha strongly affected the recruitment of the inhibitory transcriptional complex to the PIG3 promoter, with consequent restoration of p53-regulated gene expression. Finally, the Delta Np73 alpha/IKK beta/DNMT1/EZH2 complex appears to bind a subset of p53-regulated promoters. In fact, the complex is efficiently recruited to several promoters of genes encoding proteins involved in DNA repair and apoptosis, whereas it does not influence the expression of the prosurvival factor Survivin. In summary, our data show that HPV38 via E7 protein promotes the formation of a multiprotein complex that negatively regulates the expression of several p53-regulated genes.
|Titolo:||Oncoprotein E7 from beta human papillomavirus 38 induces formation of an inhibitory complex for a subset of p53-regulated promoters.|
|Autori interni:||GUARINO, FRANCESCA MARIA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|