A long-term (about nine months) isothermal degradation experiment of two different commercial polylactide (PLA) samples used for food packaging was carried out at a relatively low temperature (423 K). Thermooxidative degradations of the same polymers were carried out in a thermogravimetric (TG) analyser, at higher temperatures (453 ≤ T ≤ 523 K), under isothermal heating conditions. The obtained set of experimental TG data was used to determine the apparent activation energy (Ea) of degradation through two isothermal kinetic methods. The results from long-term experiment evidenced considerable mass loss for both PLA samples in the investigated period, but the experimental data were not in agreement with those from the short-term degradations at higher temperatures, thus suggesting a different degradation kinetics, and, then a low reliability of the lifetime predictions for polymers in service or degradation forecasts for the end of their life based on experiments at higher temperatures.

END-LIFE PREDICTION OF COMMERCIAL PLA USED FOR FOOD PACKAGING THROUGH SHORT TERM TGA EXPERIMENTS: REAL CHANCE OR LOW RELIABILITY?

BLANCO, Ignazio
2014

Abstract

A long-term (about nine months) isothermal degradation experiment of two different commercial polylactide (PLA) samples used for food packaging was carried out at a relatively low temperature (423 K). Thermooxidative degradations of the same polymers were carried out in a thermogravimetric (TG) analyser, at higher temperatures (453 ≤ T ≤ 523 K), under isothermal heating conditions. The obtained set of experimental TG data was used to determine the apparent activation energy (Ea) of degradation through two isothermal kinetic methods. The results from long-term experiment evidenced considerable mass loss for both PLA samples in the investigated period, but the experimental data were not in agreement with those from the short-term degradations at higher temperatures, thus suggesting a different degradation kinetics, and, then a low reliability of the lifetime predictions for polymers in service or degradation forecasts for the end of their life based on experiments at higher temperatures.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/16025
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