New-onset diabetes mellitus after transplantation (NODAT) may complicate 2-50% of kidney transplantation, and it is associated with reduced graft and patient survivals. In this retrospective study, we applied a conversion protocol to sirolimus in a cohort of kidney transplant recipients with NODAT. Among 344 kidney transplant recipients, 29 patients developed a NODAT (6.6%) and continued with a reduced dose of calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) (8 patients, Group A) or were converted to sirolimus (SIR) (21 patients, Group B). NODAT resolved in 37.5% and in 80% patients in Group A and Group B, respectively. In Group A, patient and graft survivals were 100% and 75%, respectively, not significantly different from Group B (83.4% and 68%, resp., P = 0.847). Graft function improved after conversion to sirolimus therapy: serum creatinine was 1.8 +/- 0.7mg/dL at the time of conversion and 1.6 +/- 0.4 mg/dL five years after conversion to sirolimus therapy (P < 0.05), while in the group of patients remaining with a reduced dose of CNI, serum creatinine was 1.7 +/- 0.6 mg/dL at the time of conversion and 1.65 +/- 0.6 mg/dL at five-year followup (P = 0.732). This study demonstrated that the conversion from CNI to SIR in patients could improve significantly the metabolic parameters of patients with NODAT, without increasing the risk of acute graft rejection.
|Titolo:||Conversion to Sirolimus Therapy in Kidney Transplant Recipients with New Onset Diabetes Mellitus after Transplantation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|