An investigation was carried out on the distribution and biodiversity of steinernematid and heterorhabdtid entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) in nine regions of Italy in the period 1990–2010. More than 2000 samples were collected from580 localities and 133 of them yielded EPN specimens. A mapping of EPN distribution in Italy showed 133 indigenous EPN strains belonging to 12 species: 43isolates of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, 1 of H. downesi, 1 of H. megidis, 51 of Steinernema feltiae, 12 of S. afﬁne, 4 of S. kraussei, 8 of S. apuliae, 5 of S. ichnusae, 3 of S.carpocapsae, 1 of S.vulcanicum, 3 of Steinernema ‘isolate S.sp.MY7’ of ‘S. intermedium group’ and 1 of S. arenarium. Steinernematids are more widespread than heterorhabditids and S. feltiae and H. bacteriophora are the most commonly encountered species. Samplingsites were grouped into 11 habitats: uncultivated land, orchard, ﬁeld, sea coast,pinewood, broadleaf wood, grasslands, river and lake borders, caves, salt pan andmoist zones; the soil texture of each site was deﬁned and the preferences of habitatand soil texture of each species was assessed. Except for the two dominant species,S. feltiae and H. bacteriophora, EPN occurrence tends to be correlated with a speciﬁc vegetation habitat. Steinernema kraussei, H. downesi and H. megidis were collected only in Sicily and three of the species recently described – S. apuliae, S. ichnusae and S. vulcanicum – are known only from Italy and seem to be endemic.
|Titolo:||Biodiversity of entomopathogenic nematodes in Italy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|