Knowledge of anatomic variability of the superior (STA), inferior (ITA), and lowest accessory (IMA) thyroid arteries may be helpful in certain clinical conditions. However, details of this variability have not been thoroughly described. Specifically, whether the presence and site of origin of STA, ITA, and IMA are influenced by the anthropological group, to what extent their origin is symmetric or asymmetric, and the role played by this variability in visualizing each thyroid artery by nonselective thyroid angiography is not known. To clarify this we conducted a meta-analytical study on Caucasian and Asian subjects, the latter including only Japanese and Koreans. In Caucasians and Asians the presence of superior vessels compared to inferior vessels was more frequent and the probability of symmetric or asymmetric arterial origin for STA were equivalent. However, better recognition of inferior rather than superior vessels was achieved by nonselective angiography in Caucasians. Finally, different frequencies of presence and site of origin for each artery were identified in Caucasians compared to Asians. Our results suggest that the higher frequency of IMA in Asians than in Caucasians should result in a search for an IMA-dependent feeding artery of inferior parathyroid adenomas, primarily the mediastinal ones, especially in Asians both by imaging and transcatheter ablative approaches. In addition, we have found that a small percentage of Caucasian subjects lack an STA on the left side. Therefore, anatomic arterial compatibility should be carefully evaluated in the preoperative stage of laryngeal transplantation maintaining in situ the donor’s thyroid by terminal anastomoses between donor and recipient STAs. Finally, the lack of any individual thyroid artery in either Caucasians or Asians might influence the distribution of autonomic supply that runs with thyroid vessels to the thyroid parenchyma. This appears functionally relevant in cases of traumatic or surgical lesions of the cervical sympathetic chain involving thyroid nerves. In fact, a restricted local autonomic control of thyroid activity might be related to individual rami of thyroid nerves.
|Titolo:||Anthropological variations in the anatomy of the human thryoid arteries|
|Autori interni:||CASTORINA, Sergio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|