Frequency and phase angle estimation is a key aspect for grid-connected inverters that are required to guarantee lowvoltage fault-ride-through capability. Over the past two decades, a number of estimation algorithms have been proposed, mostly based on the well-known phase-locked loop (PLL). It has been demonstrated that standard PLLs do not perform correctly in abnormal grid conditions, due to the oscillations produced in the frequency and phase angle estimates by the voltage harmonics. This paper introduces a new, general approach to harmonic decoupling and presents a highly intuitive and simple scheme, applying it to an αβ-PLL; compensation of any desired number of harmonic components is possible. Two implementations of this decoupling scheme are presented. It is shown that the performances of the resulting fault-decoupled PLLs are comparable with those of other advanced frequency and phase angle estimation structures.
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