BACKGROUND:Sympathetic over-activity is a hallmark of end stage renal disease (ESRD). Left ventricular (LV) disorders and volume overload are pervasive in ESRD and sympathetic over-activity may be a relevant mediator of the cardiovascular (CV) risk by these alterations in this population.DESIGN:We investigated the relationship between a combined biomarker of LV disorders and volume excess, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and the plasma concentration of nor-epinephrine (NE) in 227 ESRD patients without heart failure at baseline and modelled the risk for incident CV events by these biomarkers over a 3.5 years follow-up.RESULTS:Plasma NE was strongly and independently related to ANP (β = 0.31, P < 0.001). In a multivariate Cox's regression analysis, ANP was an independent predictor of these events [HR (1-SD) 1.25, 95 % CI 1.01-1.54]. However, when NE was introduced into the multivariate model, HR by ANP reduced substantially (1.14, 95% CI 0.91-1.42) and was no longer significant (P = 0.25) while the CV risk signalled by NE was clinically relevant (HR 1.29, 95% CI 1.05-1.59) and statistically significant (P = 0.02).CONCLUSIONS:In ESRD patients without heart failure, NE is strongly and independently related to ANP. The predictive power of ANP for CV events is largely captured by NE in a statistical model including both biomarkers. These data suggest that sympathetic over-activity may be a relevant mediator of the high risk of CV events triggered by LV disorders and volume excess in this population. However, further mechanistic and intervention studies are needed to prove the nature (causal/non causal) of these findings.
|Titolo:||Norepinephrine, left ventricular disorders and volume excess in ESRD|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|