PURPOSE: To investigate, with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, if the preoperative status of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) affects the postoperative foveal morphology and visual outcomes in eyes with surgically closed macular holes (MHs). METHODS: In 52 eyes with surgically closed MHs, preoperative RPE morphology was evaluated and graded based on the measurement of the largest hyperreflective protrusions above the RPE line. Foveal microstructural features and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were evaluated 12 months after surgery. RESULTS: At 12 months, a significant correlation was found between postoperative degree of integrity of the photoreceptors with preoperative RPE morphology, and base diameter of the hole (p = 0.003 and p = 0.028, respectively); mean BCVA at 12 months in eyes with diffuse RPE alteration was significantly lower than in eyes with small or no RPE alteration (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative RPE integrity may be indicative of good photoreceptor restoration and visual recovery in patients with surgically closed MHs. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Correlation of preoperative retinal pigment epithelium status with foveal microstructure in repaired macular holes

REIBALDI, MICHELE;AVITABILE, Teresio;LONGO, ANTONIO;UVA, Maurizio Giacinto;Russo A;
2014

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate, with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, if the preoperative status of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) affects the postoperative foveal morphology and visual outcomes in eyes with surgically closed macular holes (MHs). METHODS: In 52 eyes with surgically closed MHs, preoperative RPE morphology was evaluated and graded based on the measurement of the largest hyperreflective protrusions above the RPE line. Foveal microstructural features and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were evaluated 12 months after surgery. RESULTS: At 12 months, a significant correlation was found between postoperative degree of integrity of the photoreceptors with preoperative RPE morphology, and base diameter of the hole (p = 0.003 and p = 0.028, respectively); mean BCVA at 12 months in eyes with diffuse RPE alteration was significantly lower than in eyes with small or no RPE alteration (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative RPE integrity may be indicative of good photoreceptor restoration and visual recovery in patients with surgically closed MHs. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/18135
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